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Friday, July 31, 2020 | History

2 edition of Absenteeism, crop cultivation, and level of living in rural Botswana found in the catalog.

Absenteeism, crop cultivation, and level of living in rural Botswana

Gerd Wikan

Absenteeism, crop cultivation, and level of living in rural Botswana

by Gerd Wikan

  • 92 Want to read
  • 8 Currently reading

Published by Dept. of Geography, University of Oslo in [Oslo] .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Botswana.
    • Subjects:
    • Agricultural laborers -- Botswana.,
    • Absenteeism (Labor) -- Botswana.,
    • Agricultural productivity -- Botswana.,
    • Cost and standard of living -- Botswana.

    • Edition Notes

      Statementby Gerd Wikan.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsHD1538.B55 W54 1981
      The Physical Object
      Pagination93 leaves :
      Number of Pages93
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL2325920M
      LC Control Number86211056

      Strategies to deal with rural development should take into consideration the remoteness and potentials in rural areas and provide targeted differentiated approaches. 8. A healthy and dynamic agricultural sector is an important foundation of rural development, generating strong linkages to other economic sectors. The economy of Botswana is currently one of the world's fastest growing economies, averaging about 5% per annum over the past decade. Growth in private sector employment averaged about 10% per annum during the first 30 years of the country's independence. After a period of stagnation at the turn of the 21st century, Botswana's economy registered strong levels of .

      COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle . by stakeholders. Various agricultural and rural development programmes and policies have been developed and executed by successive administrations in Nigeriafrom early 6os to date. These were aimed at improving the level of agricultural production and ensure self sufficiency in food production.

      Based on panel data from , , and in the Songnen Plain in Heilongjiang Province, this paper used quantitative and spatial analysis methods to reveal the spatiotemporal evolution characteristics and coupling relationship between agricultural labor and agricultural production at the county level against the background of rural shrinkage. the population. The bulk of this population are engaged in agricultural production at a subsistence level; the holdings are generally small and scattered. The Federal office of statistics in its’ reports indicated that agriculture sector provided 41% of Nigeria’s total gross domestic product (GDP) in that year. This represented a.


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Absenteeism, crop cultivation, and level of living in rural Botswana by Gerd Wikan Download PDF EPUB FB2

Abstract. There is a complex relationship between absenteeism on the one hand and crop cultivation and standard of living on the other. This article investigates how the absence of able-bodied men from rural areas influences the pattern of subsistence crop by: 4. The impact of absenteeism on crop production and standard of living in two villages in Botswana by JAN HESSELBERG and GERD WIKAN* There is an on-going discussion on whether the absence of men from rural areas has a negative or positive impact on crop production and standard of living.

The conflicting results, which different studies show, are. Crop production continues to experience limits on its growth posed by recurring drought, limited skills, inadequate market access, marketing facilities and inadequate use of improved technology.

About 70% of rural household derive their livelihoods from agriculture, through subsistence farming. Crop production is mainly based on rain-fed Size: 1MB. Rural household structure, absenteeism and agricultural labour: a case study of two subsistence farming areas in Zimbabwe Article in Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography 7(2) - Agricultural extension service has the objective to assist family holdings or farmers in improvement of the methods and techniques of agricultural production, farm management, and increase of income and of productivity and production quality, increase of standard of living and elevating of social and educational standards in villages.

‘ALDEP Re-Designated as ISPAAD: An Appraisal of Continued Stagnation of Crop Production in Post-Independence Botswana’, ibid. [16] Sebudubudu, D. ‘The Impact of Good Governance on Development and Poverty in Africa: Botswana – A Relatively Successful African Initiative’, African Journal of Political Science and International.

Defining a rural area in Botswana Rural Botswana today, is a very different from rural Botswana in the s and before in terms of outlook, population census and composition, infrastructure development, livelihoods base, communications etc.

Nearly 90 per cent of Botswana was rural in [], less than three decades ago. Development Priorities and Needs. Urban regions in Botswana have been the focus of development, while rural regions are characterised by low productivity, deteriorating natural-resource bases, absolute poverty, high mortality rates and lower life a result, there has been migration from rural to urban areas, with the latter growing at up to 10% annually.

Botswana Agricultural Census Analytical Papers 5 1. Introduction In Botswana, the agricultural sector is composed of crop and livestock production. In the crop-subsector, under both traditional and commercial farming, the predominant crops. Botswana is a Net Food Importing Developing Country (NFIDC) the opportunity to increase domestic production of basic foodstuffs, particularly cereals (grain sorghum and maize) and pulses.

Cereal national demand stands at tons per year, of which only 17% is supplied through local production. production and result in considerabl e crop yield reductions (Bo yer, ; Lud low and Mucho w, ).

Theref ore, most rural hous eholds in Botswana depend on. Source: FAO, c. Note: The diets of vulnerable groups may be low in ail these nutrients.

a Particularly high nutrient values are found in the hull. Support services and advocacy for mixed cropping. Improved agricultural practices for a wider variety of food crops, once disseminated and accepted by the producers, often need support if they are to be widely adopted.

The household economy of rural Botswana: an African case (English) Abstract. In an effort to understand the causes of poverty and its perpetuation in an African rural economy, this study analysed household data from the Rural Income Distribution Survey (RIDS) conducted in in Botswana.

production and social equity as their bases they are invariably climate smart agriculture savvy although not explicitly. Therefore, offering a firm foundation for climate smart agriculture in the country.

Farm level techniques such as irrigation, crop varieties, minimum tillage, improvement. 1. Introduction. When Botswana became independent inits agricultural sector contributed about 40% to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and by until present, this figure had fallen to about 5% (Ministry of Agriculture,Ministry of Agriculture, ).This decline was largely attributable to the rapid increase in the contribution of minerals, particularly.

increase production levels. Specialty crops grown in specific environmentally favourable areas may also be at risk as both rainfall and temperature effects may cause changes in. Mineral extraction, principally diamond mining, dominates economic activity, though tourism is a growing sector due to the country's conservation practices and extensive nature preserves.

Botswana has one of the world's highest rates of HIV/AIDS infection, but also one of Africa's most progressive and comprehensive programs for dealing with the.

Thus, agricultural extension is a major component to facilitate development since it plays a starring role in agricultural and rural development efforts. Bonye et al. [ 12 ] argued that extension provides a source of information on new technologies for farming communities which when adopted can improve production, incomes and standards of living.

Source: Statistics Botswana Younger et al. found that rural households headed by farmers were just about as poor as those households whose heads were BIDPA/PEI study argues that poverty in Botswana can thus be addressed by an economic diversification policy that supports employment of the r, supporting sustainable and efficient agricultural production.

Botswana Notes and Records, Volume 36 Cash, Crops and Cattle: A Study of Rural Livelihoods in Botswana By Gerd Wikan* "Poverty amidst plenty" is an often-used phrase to describe the present state of development in Botswana.

The phrase indicates that the very impressive economic growth during the last twenty years has not yet reached all social. 1. Markets and farm prices. As we see growing levels of concern, recommendations for social distancing, reduced travel, avoiding crowds, closures, and other protective practices to slow the spread of COVID, consumers will be making tough choices about food, eating away from home, and overall spending.

Dairy is prominently featured in out. (a) Household characteristics. Across the three regions, the living conditions of smallholder farmers were poor, with farmers living in small, basic houses made of local materials (Raphia ruffia, bamboo, Ravenala madagascariensis and/or mud) and most households (98%) depending on firewood for cooking and oil for half of the farmers obtained their .[Botswana]: Institute of Development Management in cooperation with Planning & Statistics Division, Ministry of Agriculture, District Land Use Planning Advisory Groups, Series: Research paper (Institute of Development Management), no.

7. Edition/Format: Print book: National government publication: EnglishView all editions and formats.